MPRC Seminar Series: John Bongaarts, Population Research Council
Event Date and Time:
Monday, November 14, 2016 - 12:00pm
1101 Morrill Hall
"Demographic Transition in Sub-Sahran Africa: The Role of Family Planning Programs"
Over the past half century, the total fertility rate of Asia and Latin America have declined from 6 births per woman to near replacement. In contrast, the fertility transition in sub-Saharan Africa occurred later and is proceeding at a slower pace. As a result of continuing high African fertility and declining mortality the UN projects the sub-Saharan population to grow from 1 billion in 2015 to 4 billion in 2100. Such an unprecedented expansion of human numbers will create a range of social, economic, and environmental challenges and makes it more difficult for the continent to raise living standards. In this talk I examine the wide ranging benefits of fertility decline and the policy options available to accelerate the transition. Particular emphasis is given to the potential impact of family planning programs which remain weak in much of Africa.