MPRC Seminar: Solo Male Migration and the Health of Left-behind Wives and Children in India
About the Presentation
Dr. Lei will be presenting a study examining the impact of male migration on the health of left-behind wives and children in India. Male outmigration has profound impacts on the life of non-migrant wives and children. Despite the economic benefits of remittances and women’s enhanced autonomy and decision-making power at men’s absence, the husband’s migration may increase women’s workload, reduce social support, and lead to family instability. For children’s well-being, it is unclear whether the lack of parental attention and family interruption can be compensated by the beneficial effects of economic and social remittances. Using longitudinal data from the Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS) collected in 2004-05 and 2011-12, this study employs lagged dependent variable models and propensity score analysis to estimate the effect of male migration while accounting for migration selectivity. The results show that male migration is negatively associated with wives’ health status and children’s nutritional status. The health implications of male migration vary by migration distance and the type of migration destinations.
About the Speaker:
Lei Lei is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Maryland Population Research Center. She received a Ph.D. in Sociology and a MS in Biostatistics from the University at Albany-SUNY in 2016. Dr. Lei is a social demographer, whose work lies in the areas of family, gender, health, child development, community effect, and migration. She studies how family behaviors change in China, India, and the US, as a result of economic, social, and demographic transitions. Her recent work focuses on the impact of residential environment on children’s health and educational achievements.