Please save the dates for our annual Second Year Paper (SYP) presentations. We have one session remaining with three students presenting in each session. Each session will be from 12-1:15pm in ASY1101.
Thursday, April 23, 2015
Michael Norton: "Accounting for the Worse Psychological Well-being of Men in Shared-earning Marriages"
This paper asks why men in shared-earning marriages experience worse psychological well-being outcomes than their sole-earning counterparts, a relationship observed in previous studies even after accounting for demographic variables. Although this previous work suggests that sex-role attitudes or power and status may account for this relationship, the data used did not allow for testing of these theories with objective measures. Using more recent, nationally representative data measuring both positive and negative aspects of psychological well-being, this paper finds that, after controlling for demographic variables, family earning structure is related to depressive symptoms, alcohol problems and self-esteem where for all measures men from shared-earning marriages have worse psychological well-being than their sole-earning counterparts. However, for depressive symptoms only shared-earning men have an advantage over the life course as they became less depressed with age when compared to their sole-earner counterparts. While attitudes concerning family responsibilities have liberalized over time and do not impact most well-being measures, appreciation for housework performed is significantly related to most measures of psychological well-being with increased appreciation corresponding to better well-being.
Moriah Willow: “What Progress? Race and Gender Inequality in Management by Sector of Employment, 1980-2010”.
Trends towards gender equality slowed in the 1990s and advancement of Blacks in the U.S. labor force largely stalled in the 1980s, yet progress towards race and gender equity in management is less well understood. Given the importance of organizational leadership for influencing ascriptive inequality in the workplace, this study offers a systematic analysis of changes in the status of Black men and women and White women in management by sector of employment from 1980 to 2010 using U.S. Decennial Census data form 1980 to 2000 and American Community Survey data from 2006-2011. I find that while Black and White women made significant strides into management, particularly in the public sector, and the gender earning gap decreased in both sectors in the 1980s and 1990s, progress thereafter has been limited and no real progress was made in the 2000s. However, despite tremendous strides during the 1960s and 1970s, progress towards increased access to management and greater financial compensation within management stalled for Black men in the entire period under study.
Eowna Young Harrison: "Shaping Attitudes that Affect Condom Use among Adolescents and Young Adults"
Behavior models of adolescent and young adult males’ condom use were researched in the late 80s and early 90s. During this time, large motivation to measure the relationship between condom attitudes’ and condom use were to evaluate behaviors that lead to the transmission of STIs–specifically HIV. Although occurrences of HIV have decreased since their peak in the 1980s, in more recent times, the contraction of other STIs are disproportionately higher among adolescents and young adults. In the current context of STI rates among the young population, there is a need to update the literature to reflect the early 21st Century and broaden the focus to include women. Moreover, research acknowledges that negative attitudes are associated with lower condom use, however what cultivates negative condom attitudes has not been empirically tested. This paper uses data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG)to incorporate a richer behavioral model which examines factors that shape attitudes. The study also updates the literature that examines the relationship between attitudes towards condoms and condom use. Findings reveal that women and men’s odds of having negative condom attitudes are predicted by different past experiences. For both women and men, embarrassment to discuss condoms had more