Dr. Mónica Caudillo is an Assistant Professor in the Sociology Department. She holds a PhD in Sociology from New York University, and specializes in domestic and international research in family demography, reproductive health, and maternal and infant health.

A large part of her work focuses on the demographic and health consequences of disruptions to social contexts in the United States and Mexico. One of her lines of research investigates the relationship between the opioid epidemic and fertility, family formation, and family structures in the United States. Another set of projects assesses the effect of community violence on reproductive health and family formation and stability in Mexico. A separate area of interest focuses on the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on infant and maternal health in that same country. In addition, she is conducting work on inequality in knowledge about contraception, pregnancy intentions, and reproductive autonomy in the United States.

Her research has appeared in outlets like Demography, Social ForcesJournal of Marriage and Family, Gender & Society, Sociology of Education, and Social Science Research.


Twitter: @mlcaudillo

Areas of Interest

  • Family Demography; Sexuality and Reproductive Health; Maternal and Infant Health
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  • PhD
    Sociology, New York University, 2017
  • MA
    Sociology, New York University, 2015
  • Licenciada
    Political Science and International Relations, CIDE, 2008

Weitzman, Abigail, Mónica L. Caudillo, and Eldad Levy, “Hybridized Interpersonal Violence in Latin America: Causes and Patterns.” Forthcoming. American Review of Criminology.

Liao, Janny, Henning Schröder, Elliot Chin, Muideen Owolabi Bakare, Ramaele Moshoeshoe, Mónica L. Caudillo, Kerim M. Munir, Jan-Walter De Neve. 2023. “The effect of school-entry age on health is understudied in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review and future directions for research.” SSM – Population Health. (Published online May 2023)

Caudillo, Mónica L. and Jaein Lee. “Community Violence and the Instability of Marriages and Cohabitations in Mexico.” 2023. Social Forces. (Published online January 2023)

Caudillo, Mónica L., Andrés Villarreal, and Philip N. Cohen. 2022. “The Opioid Epidemic and Children’s Living Arrangements in the United States, 2000-2018.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science703(1), pp.162-187. (Published online March 2023)

Caudillo, Mónica L. and Jaein Lee. 2022. “Local Violence and Transitions to Cohabitation and Marriage in Mexico.” Journal of Marriage and Family. 85(2), pp.345-369. (Published online October 2022)

Caudillo, Mónica L., Constanza Hurtado-Acuna, Michael Rendall and Michel Boudreaux. 2022. “Association of the Delaware Contraceptive Access Now Initiative with Postpartum LARC Use.” Maternal and Child Health Journal. 26:1657–1666.

Caudillo, Mónica L. and Andrés Villarreal. 2021. “The Opioid Epidemic and Nonmarital Childbearing in the United States, 2000-2016.” Demography. 58 (1): 345–378.

Mishel, Emma, Tristan Bridges, and Mónica L. Caudillo. 2021. “GOOGLE, TELL ME. IS HE GAY?: Masculinity, Heterosexuality, and Gendered Anxieties in Google Search Queries about Sexuality.” Sociological Perspectives.

Caudillo, Mónica L., Shelby N. Hickman, and Sally Simpson. 2020. “Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Relationship Between Risk-Taking and the Effectiveness of Adolescents’ Contraceptive Use.” Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 52(4).

Rendall, Michael S., Eowna Young Harrison, and Mónica L. Caudillo. 2020. “Intentionally or Ambivalently Risking a Short Inter-pregnancy Interval: Reproductive Readiness Factors in Women’s Postpartum Non-Use of Contraception.” Demography. 57: 821–841.

Mishel, E., Paula England, Jessie Ford, and Mónica L. Caudillo. 2020. “Cohort Increases In Sex With Same-Sex Partners: Do Trends Vary by Gender, Race, and Class?.” Gender & Society. 34(2): 178-209.

Caudillo, Mónica L. 2019. “School Progression Relative to Age and Family-Related Transitions Among Teenagers in Mexico.” Demography. 56: 863–890.

Caudillo, Mónica L. 2017. “How Does the Personal Become Political? Assessing the Impact of Maternal Employment on Daughters’ and Sons’ Political Skills and Behavior.” Social Science Research. 64: 119-136.

Paula England, Emma Mishel, and Mónica L. Caudillo. 2016. “Increases in Sex with Same-Sex Partners and Bisexual Identity Across Cohorts of Women (but Not Men).” Sociological Science. Nov. 7th.

England, Paula, Mónica L. Caudillo, Krystale Littlejohn, Brooke Conroy Bass, and Joanna Reed. 2016. “Why Do Young, Unmarried Women Who Don’t Want to Get Pregnant Contracept Inconsistently? Mixed-Method Evidence for the Role of Efficacy.” Socius. 2:1-15.

Caudillo, Mónica L. and Florencia Torche. 2014. “Exposure to Local Homicides and Early Educational Achievement in Mexico.” Sociology of Education 87(2): 89-105.

Reed, Joanna, Paula England, Krystale Littlejohn, Brooke Conroy Bass, and Mónica L. Caudillo. 2014. “Consistent and Inconsistent Contraception Among Young Women: Insights from Qualitative Interviews.” Family Relations 63(2): 244-258.

3143 Parren J. Mitchell Art-Sociology Building
Department of Sociology
caudillo [at] umd.edu