My main research interest is to identify and understand the intersection of gender, race and class inequalities in the labor market, and how changing social and economic contexts shape them in different national settings. With funding from the NSF dissertation improvement grant, my current research focuses on the expanding paid care work sector as a key terrain for examining intersecting inequalities in the U.S. and China. I am also involved with two research projects examining how gender, race, and class matter for recovery from unemployment and family formation during economic downturns.
Another line of my research seeks to advance both theoretical and empirical understanding of the changing, multifaceted gender inequality during China’s transformation from socialism to a market economy. To this end, I employ various methodologies, including: 1) systematic content analysis of mainstream magazine articles to examine the changing gender discourse in post-socialist urban China (published in the Journal of Marriage and Family); 2) longitudinal survey analysis to examine cohort variations in urban women’s employment trajectories (forthcoming in Social Science Research); and 3) theoretically grounded review on the continuity and change in the patterns and sources of gender inequality (published in Sex Roles).
Intersecting Inequalities in the Paid Care Work Sector Under Changing Social and Economic Contexts
My dissertation aims to provide a better understanding of the career dynamics and intersecting inequalities for paid care workers under changing social and economic contexts, with two papers focusing on the United States, and the third paper on post-socialist urban China. In the United States, men’s presence in female-dominated care work jobs is rare despite the fact that jobs in education and health care are growing fast, while traditionally male-dominated manufacturing jobs are disappearing. The first paper of my dissertation uses nationally representative, individual-level data to examine why men enter care work jobs or not. Second, care work jobs have been increasingly polarized in terms of pay, working conditions, and job security since the 1970s, and this polarizing pattern of care work job growth is characterized by racial disparity. My second paper examines how socioeconomic determinants of men’s entry into high-paying and low-paying care work jobs have changed in the “new economy” by comparing two cohorts of young men (late Baby Boomers and early Millennials) who joined the workforce under different labor market conditions. The third paper examines the labor market outcomes for care workers in urban China, where the transformation from a centrally planned socialist economy to a profit-oriented market economy over the past three decades has ended welfare-based, life-long employment in the cities and privatized care responsibilities.
- Gender, Race and Class
- Labor Market Inequalities
- Work and Family
- Care Work
- Social Demography
- Life Course
- MA University of Maryland, College Park (Sociology)
- BA Scripps College (Politics & Gender Studies)
Department of Sociology